Which Resume / CV Style?

Different types of Resumes

Through our experience, we have distinguished seven (7) different types of resumes that outline the depth of work required to suit the various employment stages and skill levels. They start from the entry point, and work through the progressive career stages and skills expansion and cater to any gaps and changes in employment. Resume formats range from chronological, functional, combination (hybrid), targeted and infographic format, depending on the aim. The first is the most common. However, each serves its purpose in highlighting, downplaying or concealing information such as employment gaps and inexperience to secure opportunities. The last segment of this section provides an opportunity for an existing resume to be critiqued.

1. Career Starter

This resume is suitable for the recent school leaver and /or an enrollee in studies with 12 month’s work experience seeking to start a career. This category is suited to a functional, skills-based resume to demonstrate the ability to quickly adjust to the working environment and learn new skills. The importance of using the front page as a selling tool with proven examples grabs the attention of the robotic and manual scanner.


2. Graduate

A boost to kick-start a professional career for those that have completed their degree within two years or are in their final year of who are studies requires a well-prepared, and skilfully structured resume to complement the requirements of a graduate recruitment program. These highly sought opportunities are offered by the public service and many private companies to applicants with diverse skills, ambitions, and qualifications. The programs offer a structured learning environment through rotation based training that can lead to ongoing placement based on performance. Therefore, your resume should reflect your suitability and attributes by extracting and matching information from academic accomplishments, sporting, and extra curricula or previous work experience. However, the often intense and lengthy selection process may also require a selection criteria to be addressed.

3.1 Federal Government Resumes

The Australian Public Service (APS) manages recruitment from entry levels, such as school leaver programmes, traineeships and cadetships to management positions, across technical roles as well as various support jobs including administrative and service
delivery. Many require Citizenship eligibility. The process may differ between agencies; however, all go through a merit-based competitive selection process (the best fit for the job). Therefore, the CLASSIC resume should link the requirements using an achievement based focus that would complement the selection criteria. The apsc.gov.au cracking-the-code provides tips and hints for preparing a resume / CV which we follow.

3.2 State Government Resumes

The application requirements for each state in Australia slightly differs, however, each state requests that the Resume / Curriculum Vitae (CV) be clear and neatly organised with content relevant to the requirements of the advertised role. Submissions need to be of a high standard and tailored with descriptions of the role responsibilities for each job. The selection process may differ between agencies; however, all are administered with a merit-based competitive purpose. In NSW, the Resume should identify the position description and the ability to do the job. The requirements vary, however predominantly require up to 4-5 pages to highlight experience and skills.

3.3 Local Government Resume

There are variations between each Council regarding the application process for each position. However, a targeted, chronologically formatted resume cannot falter. See the other categories to fulfil the requirements including Entry level / Standard Resumes for semi-skilled jobs and Graduate, Experienced and Professional classifications.

4. Experienced

An experienced person is someone who has acquired excellent knowledge and skills in their field to produce quality work and who can competently teach/train others. This resume offers a detailed, achievement-focused impact on the first impression tailored to project the right competency level for a similar or the next progressive role to qualify both robotic and human interventions during the assessment process.

5. Military to Civilian

The military career has provided excellent opportunities for training and development as well as practical experience. However, many employers have little or no exposure to military terms, therefore, this requires the right skills to translate job titles, duties, terminology and acronyms into civilian terms to communicate the value that this experience offers to an employer. By displaying the writing in laymen terms would undoubtedly instigate interest, especially as the Service produces highly disciplined and focused candidates.

6. Management / Professional

This resume is created for middle management roles or the academic with substantial experiences such as IT, Project Managers, Engineers, Doctors, and Accountants. The resume is an impressively detailed profile of a member of a profession or the middle manager ready to claim higher appointments. It is critical that the resume exhibits a high standard of writing skills which is an expectation of the position and should qualify both robotic and human interventions during the assessment process with an achievement focused profile that inspires interest and projects your suitability for the role. A well-written LinkedIn profile should accompany this level, as recruiters dig deeper to get the right candidate. However, a LinkedIn profile should not be a duplicate of your resume - they already have that, but it should elaborate on other supporting information to present the total you. (See the LinkedIn Section to order).

7. Executive

The Executive resume is appropriate for functional executives or the highest level of management in an organisation and requires a more detailed, alluring resume /cv which transforms skills and experience into a vibrant, dossier under the hybrid format. Combining both functional and chronological information the high-quality writing creates a branding statement to capture the key levels of expertise and summarises career highlights and accomplishments. Employment is presented in reverse-chronological order and places these elements into context with well supported details and measurable outcomes under each position. Again, the LinkedIn profile should accompany this level, as recruiters dig deeper to hire the right candidate. However, it should not be a duplicate of your resume - they already have that, but the LinkedIn profile should elaborate on other supporting information to present the total you. (See the LinkedIn Section to order).

8. Resume Critique

Pleased with what you have but just want confirmation?
Then send your resume for an objective assessment. Many of our clients think that they are well presented until we demonstrate to them how they have been short-changed. Always ensure that your resume makes you feel proud of who you are and what you have achieved and does not just present you. This is accomplished with the right fitting words. We do not rewrite a resume if there is no need to – we are too busy, however, if we do believe that you have been unfairly represented and deserve more, we will tell you. However, we also need to sight the kind of job/s that you are applying for, or you are interested in to give you the best chance. Do not forget that a resume is not a standalone and that an application consists of both a resume and a cover letter. However, sometimes other requirements must be met such as selection criteria responses.